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拉萨大昭寺的传说

更新时间:2017-03-01 08:01:13 文字尺寸:

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大昭寺的传说与拉萨的风水有关,据说是为了抑制住当地的恶魔才建造的大昭寺,事实真的是如此吗?今日让我们一起走进拉萨大昭寺的历史。

拉萨城的昔日,曾是一片沼泽地,叫做倭塘湖。641年,松赞干布遣使长安要求与大唐联姻,唐太宗以文成公主相许,并在她进臧时赐她一尊释迦牟尼像。为了供奉这尊佛像,松赞干布决定修建一座巨大的神殿,殿址由文成公主亲自选定。就建在倭塘湖上,这就是大昭寺。

传说,大建大昭寺之前,文成公主运用阴阳、五行的方法,观察西藏的地形,认为西藏形似一仰卧的魔女,而倭塘湖乃为魔女的心脏,应填湖建寺才能消魔。

于是大昭寺的工程开始了,在施工中,成群的彭波白山羊往来驮土,因为藏语山羊叫“惹”,土称为“萨”,所以寺庙被称为“惹萨”。后来 ,人们又把“惹萨”名称赐给这座城市。

拉萨大昭寺的传说

古人修建道观寺庙都是有依据的

806年,“惹萨”改称为“拉萨”,即“圣地”之意。又有一说,认为大昭寺系由尼泊尔赤尊公主主持修建,规模较大。由文成公主主持修建的是小昭寺,规模较小,不过在修大昭寺时,文成公主也出了力。

大、小昭寺建成初期,文成公主带进臧的大佛像放在小昭寺,赤尊公主带来的小佛像放在大昭寺。到了8世纪初,唐朝的第二位公主(金城公主)嫁到吐蕃时,才把大、小佛像换了位置。

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